Introduction – The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“Code”) is a perfect platform that oversees and addresses the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (“CIRP”) and liquidation proceedings for individuals, firms, corporates and others. It seeks to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy that will provide for resolution of insolvency in a speedy and time bound manner while simultaneously balancing the interest of all the stakeholders.
The ecosystem of the Code is dependent on four pillars namely, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI), Information Utilities (IUs), Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPAs) and Insolvency Professionals (IPs).
This book attempts to cover the role of an Interim Resolution Professional (IRP) in the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process. The role of an IRP commences from the day he/she is appointed as such by an order of the Adjudicating Authority (within fourteen days from the insolvency commencement date) and ends on the thirtieth day from the date of his appointment. During the tenure of thirty days, the IRP is provided with tasks of great responsibility and criticality that has the potential to hugely impact the implementation and success of the Code.
The IRP shall have the power of management of the corporate debtor and shall take control of the assets of the corporate debtor. The powers of the Board of Directors of the corporate debtor shall stand suspended. The IRP shall make a public announcement pertaining to his appointment and invites creditors for submission of proof of claims. On receipt of claims from various creditors, he is also entrusted with the task of verification of the claims, on the basis of which, he prepares the list of creditors. Once the list of creditors is prepared, the IRP shall constitute the Committee of Creditors (“Committee”) and file a report in this behalf with the Adjudicating Authority. Subsequently, the first meeting of the Committee is to be convened.
With the conclusion of the first meeting of the Committee, the role of the IRP also comes to an end. At the first meeting of the Committee, the role of the IRP comes to an end either by change of his role into a resolution professional, subject to approval of his appointment by a majority of seventy five percent of the voting share of the financial creditors in the Committee or by termination of his role as an IRP and appointment of another resolution professional, where his appointment is not approved by the Committee.
It is pertinent to note the importance of the IRPs under this Code, who are endowed with mammoth and pivotal tasks that needs to be undertaken within a prescribed time frame. It is their efficiency and management that provides the Code with the impetus to fulfil its objective of resolving insolvency and bankruptcy cases in a speedy and time bound manner.