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Arbitration | Arbitration Lawyers


Arbitration is an alternative dispute resolution mechanism that aims to provide a speedy and efficient resolution to commercial disputes. In India, arbitration is governed by the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, which provides for the appointment of arbitrators, the conduct of proceedings, and the enforcement of awards. Here, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the arbitration process and Institutional/statutory arbitration forums in Ahmedabad. We will also discuss the litigation support services that Bhatt & Joshi Associates, the best law firm in Gujarat, Ahmedabad, can offer for filing and/or defending and arguing arbitration matters in the best possible manner.


Why and How Arbitration was Established in India?

Arbitration as a mode of dispute resolution was established in India as an alternative to the traditional court system, which is known for its inefficiency and delays. The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, of 1996 was enacted in consonance with the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) model that plays a key role in developing that framework in pursuit of its mandate to further the progressive harmonization and modernization of the law of international trade; the act provides a framework for the conduct of arbitration proceedings and to facilitate the speedy resolution of disputes.

Arbitration aims to provide a private, confidential, and efficient method of resolving disputes, without the need for lengthy court proceedings. It is particularly suited to commercial disputes, as it allows parties to resolve their disputes in a manner that is tailored to their specific needs and requirements.

Arbitration Process in India

The arbitration process in India typically consists of the following stages:


Dispute and Communication: Under Section 21 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, a notice for appointment of an arbitrator is required to be sent to the other party or parties. The notice must request the other party or parties to appoint an arbitrator within 30 days from the receipt of the notice, and also specify the number of arbitrators to be appointed. If the other party fails to make an appointment within the specified time, the party giving the notice may apply to the court for appointment of an arbitrator.


Appointment of Arbitrator(s): The parties appoint one or more arbitrators to resolve their dispute. The arbitrator(s) must be impartial and independent of the parties. Under Section 11 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, parties may approach the High Court or the Supreme Court for the appointment of arbitrators in case of default or failure of appointment. The High Court or the Supreme Court has the power to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators, as the case may be, if a party fails to appoint an arbitrator within thirty days of receipt of a request from the other party, or if the two appointed arbitrators fail to agree on the third arbitrator within thirty days of their appointment. In such cases, the High Court or the Supreme Court, as the case may be, shall have the power to appoint the arbitrator or arbitrators necessary for the arbitration process to proceed.


Power to refer parties to arbitration where there is an arbitration agreement.

Under Section 8 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, if a party approaches a judicial authority in a matter which is the subject of an arbitration agreement, the judicial authority shall refer the parties to arbitration, unless it finds that the arbitration agreement is null and void, inoperative, or incapable of being performed. The intention behind Section 8 is to ensure that the parties to a valid arbitration agreement are compelled to submit their disputes to arbitration, and to minimize judicial interference in such disputes.


Interim measures, by Court

Section 9 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 deals with the power of the courts to grant interim measures before or during the arbitration proceedings. The section provides that a party may apply to a court for interim measures to protect and preserve their rights and interests pending the outcome of the arbitration. Interim measures may include an order for securing the amount in dispute, preservation, interim injunction or appointment of a receiver. The section allows the party to apply for such measures even before the arbitration proceedings have begun, and the court has the power to grant such measures even during the arbitration proceedings. Section 9 provides a quick and efficient remedy to parties who are seeking urgent relief to safeguard their interests during the pendency of the arbitration proceedings. The courts have wide discretion in granting interim measures, and the relief granted by the court can have a significant impact on the outcome of the arbitration proceedings. It is important to note that an application under Section 9 must be made before or during the arbitration proceedings, and not after the award has been passed. Additionally, the party seeking interim measures must demonstrate a prima facie case for the relief sought and the urgency of the matter. 

Stage of Arbitration 

Once the arbitrator is appointed, there are following stages under which the Arbitration process is initiated and concluded 


  1. Preliminary Hearing: The arbitrator(s) hold a preliminary hearing to discuss the issues in dispute, the scope of the arbitration, and the timetable for the proceedings.

  2. Exchange of Pleadings: The parties submit their respective claims and defenses in writing.

  3. Hearings: The arbitrator(s) hold hearings to allow the parties to present their evidence and arguments.

  4. Award: The arbitrator(s) make a decision, called an award, which is binding on the parties.

Non-applicability of Rules of Evidence 

the rules of evidence that are normally followed in a court of law do not necessarily apply to arbitration proceedings. Instead, the parties to an arbitration are free to agree on the procedure for presenting evidence.

This lack of strict applicability of the Evidence Act makes the arbitration process speedier. The parties can present their evidence in a more streamlined and efficient manner, without being subject to the technical rules of evidence that can often delay court proceedings. This flexibility in presenting evidence can also help to reduce the overall time and cost involved in resolving disputes through arbitration.


Arbitration Forums in Ahmedabad

Although the parties are free to choose the Arbitrator of their choice, as per their Arbitration Agreement, there are also Institutional/statutory arbitration forums in Ahmedabad that parties can choose from, including:

  • The Ahmedabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI) Arbitration Centre
  • The Indian Council of Arbitration (ICA) Ahmedabad Regional Centre
  • The Gujarat Arbitration Tribunal (GAT)

    Each of these forums has its own set of rules and procedures for the conduct of arbitration proceedings. Parties can choose the forum that best suits their needs, based on factors such as cost, expertise, and the speed of the proceedings.

Appeals Under the Arbitration Act

Under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, there is limited scope for appeals against arbitration awards. Parties can challenge an award under Section 34 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 on limited grounds, such as:

  • The arbitrator(s) lacked jurisdiction to hear the dispute
  • The award was obtained by fraud or corruption
  • The award is in conflict with the public policy of India

Litigation Support Services by Bhatt & Joshi Associates

At Bhatt & Joshi Associates, we provide comprehensive litigation support services for arbitration proceedings. Our team of experienced lawyers can assist our clients in drafting arbitration agreements, preparing the necessary documents, and representing them before the arbitrator or panel of arbitrators. We strive to provide our clients with the best possible legal representation to ensure that their interests are protected throughout the arbitration process.

Our litigation support services include:

  1. Drafting and Reviewing Contracts: We assist our clients in drafting and reviewing contracts that contain arbitration clauses.
  2. Appointment of Arbitrator(s): We assist our clients in selecting and appointing arbitrators, based on their expertise and experience.
  3. Conducting Arbitration Proceedings: We provide legal representation and support during arbitration proceedings

“Arbitration offers a fair, efficient, and confidential means of resolving disputes outside of traditional litigation.”

About Practice

Bhatt & Joshi Associates, Ahmedabad assemble the finest team of lawyers that have the capability to represent the clients at the High Court of Gujarat.

We, the team of Bhatt & Joshi Associates, Ahmedabad, Gujarat are well-known for our experienced and knowledgable High Court Lawyers with a detailed understanding of Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Service Law, Corporate & Company Law, Service Law, Tax Law, and others. Our competent and expert legal team of High Court Lawyers assists and provides advisory to litigants in seeking enforcement of their rights through the various legal and constitutional remedies that they can procure before the High Court of Gujarat. It must be noted and considered that our esteemed High Court lawyers represent the appeal in writ also known as LPA – Letters Patent Appeal. We aim to not just bud our business but provide advisory that is most suited for our client. We analyze and make an informed decision of whether litigation is absolutely necessary to be taken to the High Court or could the matter be resolved internally or through any other strategy whatsoever. We work on the principles of time value, work ethics, transparency and are highly disciplined in our functioning.

About Our Work

We do rigorous and thorough research and aim to deliver timely results to our clients which are not just satisfactory but apt to the circumstance of the case. Our professional High Court lawyers regularly have cross forum experience to enhance their potentials and capabilities. We appear in matters of various corporates, companies, and Individuals to provide the following litigation support services at the High Court of Gujarat:

  • Writ Petitions
  • Civil Appeals
  • Criminal Appeals
  • Bail and Anticipatory Applications
  • Civil Revision Application
  • Criminal Revision Application
  • Criminal Misc. Applications
  • Civil Misc. Applications

We operate in multiple domains of law practice. Our Practice Areas in the High Court of Ahmedabad, Gujarat are mentioned below:

  • Civil Law
  • Criminal Law
  • White-Collar Offence
  • Writ and Constitutional Law
  • Administrative Law
  • Property Law
  • Service Law
  • Land Revenue Law
  • Corporate & Company Law
  • Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law 
  • Constitutional Matters –
  • Taxation Law
  • Direct and Indirect Taxation
  • Customs
  • Arbitration

Why Us?

A combination of experienced as well as young, and dynamic high court lawyers. They should be skilled at fact collection as sometimes there is more than one conceivable arrangement. Thus, a High Court Lawyer ought to have the ability to assess each pointer before presenting the case. They must have crisp research abilities- understand and analyze important case laws, references, corrections to help the contentions. It must be noted that the High Court is the Court of Record and therefore an intricate understanding and thorough revision is essential to present the argument. Parallelly, representing the argument with utmost convincing ability in front of the presiding judge is equally necessary. Any important fact missed out at the stage of original application affects the case at every stage of appeal. Thus, should be carefully drafted. The High Court Lawyer must have a strong grip over the diverse areas of law and in-depth knowledge of the same. The parameter that could work as a remedy to achieve victory might alter and thus, all possibilities are important.

“A modern economy is marked by the feasibility of endogenous change: Modernization brings myriad arrangements from expanded property rights to company law and financial institutions.”

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