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Customs Appeal | Bhatt & Joshi Associates | Ahmedabad


Bhatt & Joshi Associates provides a wide range of litigation support services to their clients at the Customs Appeal in Ahmedabad. Our experienced team of lawyers assists clients in filing an appeal, representing them in hearings, and providing legal advice throughout the process. We offer various services such as drafting, filing, and submission of Customs Appeal petitions before the appropriate authorities, preparing and filing replies to show cause notices, and more.

Customs Appeal: A Comprehensive Guide to Stages and Forums

Customs duty is levied on goods imported into or exported out of a country. However, there may arise instances where a tax payer may disagree with the customs department’s decision on levying duty, classification of goods, valuation, or any other matter. In such cases, the tax payer has the right to file a customs appeal against the decision of the customs department. The customs appeal process involves multiple stages and forums where the tax payer can present their case. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to the stages and forums for customs appeal and how Bhatt & Joshi Associates can provide litigation support services to their clients.

There are three stages of customs appeal:

  1. First Stage – Original Proceedings / Order in Original passed after hearing of Show Cause Notice.
    The first stage of appeal involves filing an appeal to the customs officer who passed the order. This appeal needs to be filed within 60 days from the date of receipt of the order. The customs officer then reviews the order and may either allow or reject the appeal. If the appeal is rejected, the tax payer can proceed to the second stage of appeal.
  2. Second Stage – Appeal to the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals).
    The second stage of appeal involves filing an appeal to the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals). This appeal needs to be filed within 60 days from the date of receipt of the order. The Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) then reviews the order and may either allow or reject the appeal. If the appeal is rejected, the tax payer can proceed to the third stage of appeal.
  3. Third Stage – Appeal to the Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT)
    The third and final stage of appeal involves filing an appeal to the CESTAT. This appeal needs to be filed within 180 days from the date of receipt of the order. The CESTAT then reviews the order and may either allow or reject the appeal. If the appeal is rejected, the tax payer can approach the High Court.

There are Four forums where a Customs Appeal / Customs Matters can be heard:


  • Customs Officer / Commissioner of Customs: At the first stage of hearing, the customs officer passes the order in Original, after issuance of SCN – Show cause notice and hearing the party concenred.
  • Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) – At the second stage of appeal, the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) is the forum for hearing the appeal. The Commissioner reviews the order and may either allow or reject the appeal. The Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) derives his powers from Section 128 of the Customs Act, 1962. This section provides for the appointment of a Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) who shall have jurisdiction over the whole of India and who shall exercise such powers and discharge such duties conferred or imposed on him under the Customs Act or any other law for the time being in force. The Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) has the power to hear appeals against any decision or order passed by any officer of customs lower in rank than him.
  • Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT): – At the third and final stage of appeal, the CESTAT is the forum for hearing the appeal. The CESTAT reviews the order and may either allow or reject the appeal. The CESTAT has the power to set aside, modify or confirm the order passed by the customs officer or the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals). The Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT) derives its powers under the Customs Act, 1962, Section 129A, which provides for the establishment of CESTAT as an independent quasi-judicial body to hear appeals against orders passed by Customs authorities. CESTAT also hears appeals against orders passed by authorities under the Central Excise Act, 1944 and the Finance Act, 1994.
  • Appellate Powers of High Court – Under Section 130 of the Customs Act, the High Court has the power to hear an appeal against the orders passed by the CESTAT. The appeal can be filed within 180 days from the date on which the order was received. The High Court can pass orders to confirm, modify or set aside the order passed by the CESTAT. That although the affected party may file an appeal before the High Court aggrieved by the order passed in appeal by the Appellate Tribunal. But, the appeal will be admitted before the High Court only if the High Court is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law or facts.

Writ Jurisdiction of High Court

Although multiple remedies are available under the Customs Act, 1962 there is always a constitutional provision available to represent tax litigations before the High Court, wherein a writ petition under Article 226 and Article 227 of the Indian Constitution can be filed.

The High Court has the power to quash any such order or decision if it is found to be illegal, arbitrary, or against the principles of natural justice. The court can also issue writs of mandamus to compel the tax authorities to perform their statutory duties or to prohibit them from acting beyond their powers.

In addition to writ petitions, appeals can also be filed before the High Court against orders passed by the Appellate Tribunal. However, it is important to note that appeals can only be filed on substantial questions of law and not on questions of fact.

In conclusion, the writ jurisdiction of the High Court is a powerful tool for taxpayers to challenge any illegal or arbitrary actions by the tax authorities. It is advisable to seek the assistance of a tax lawyer to understand the nuances of tax litigations and to effectively represent your case before the court.

Litigation Support Services by Bhatt & Joshi Associates

Our litigation support services include the following:


  1. Assessment of the case: Our team of lawyers analyses the case and provides an assessment of the legal options available to our clients.
  2. Documentation: We assist our clients in preparing the necessary documentation required for filing the appeal.
  3. Representation: Our experienced lawyers represent our clients before the customs officer, the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) and the CESTAT, ensuring that their case is presented effectively.
  4. Compliance: We ensure that our clients are compliant with all the rules and regulations of the Customs Act, thereby reducing the risk of future litigation.

How Bhatt & Joshi Associates Can Help?

At Bhatt & Joshi Associates, we understand that Customs appeals can be complex and time-consuming. We have a team of experienced Customs appeal lawyers who are well-versed in Customs laws and regulations. Our lawyers can help you at every stage of the appeal process, from filing the appeal to representing you in front of the appellate authorities.

We provide our clients with customized legal solutions that are tailored to their specific needs. Our lawyers work closely with our clients to understand their business and their objectives, and then develop a legal strategy that is designed to achieve those objectives.

Our team of Customs appeal lawyers has a track record of success in handling complex and challenging appeals. We have a deep understanding of the Customs laws and regulations and can provide our clients with sound legal advice that is based on our extensive experience.

If you are looking for the services of the best Customs appeal lawyers in Ahmedabad, look no further than Bhatt & Joshi Associates. We are committed to providing our clients with high-quality legal services that are designed to help them achieve their objectives. Contact us today to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced Customs appeal lawyers.


“The freer the flow of world trade, the stronger the tides for economic growth and global prosperity.” – Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations

About Practice

Bhatt & Joshi Associates, Ahmedabad assemble the finest team of lawyers that have the capability to represent the clients at the High Court of Gujarat.

We, the team of Bhatt & Joshi Associates, Ahmedabad, Gujarat are well-known for our experienced and knowledgable High Court Lawyers with a detailed understanding of Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Service Law, Corporate & Company Law, Service Law, Tax Law, and others. Our competent and expert legal team of High Court Lawyers assists and provides advisory to litigants in seeking enforcement of their rights through the various legal and constitutional remedies that they can procure before the High Court of Gujarat. It must be noted and considered that our esteemed High Court lawyers represent the appeal in writ also known as LPA – Letters Patent Appeal. We aim to not just bud our business but provide advisory that is most suited for our client. We analyze and make an informed decision of whether litigation is absolutely necessary to be taken to the High Court or could the matter be resolved internally or through any other strategy whatsoever. We work on the principles of time value, work ethics, transparency and are highly disciplined in our functioning.

About Our Work

We do rigorous and thorough research and aim to deliver timely results to our clients which are not just satisfactory but apt to the circumstance of the case. Our professional High Court lawyers regularly have cross forum experience to enhance their potentials and capabilities. We appear in matters of various corporates, companies, and Individuals to provide the following litigation support services at the High Court of Gujarat:

  • Writ Petitions
  • Civil Appeals
  • Criminal Appeals
  • Bail and Anticipatory Applications
  • Civil Revision Application
  • Criminal Revision Application
  • Criminal Misc. Applications
  • Civil Misc. Applications

We operate in multiple domains of law practice. Our Practice Areas in the High Court of Ahmedabad, Gujarat are mentioned below:

  • Civil Law
  • Criminal Law
  • White-Collar Offence
  • Writ and Constitutional Law
  • Administrative Law
  • Property Law
  • Service Law
  • Land Revenue Law
  • Corporate & Company Law
  • Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law 
  • Constitutional Matters –
  • Taxation Law
  • Direct and Indirect Taxation
  • Customs
  • Arbitration

Why Us?

A combination of experienced as well as young, and dynamic high court lawyers. They should be skilled at fact collection as sometimes there is more than one conceivable arrangement. Thus, a High Court Lawyer ought to have the ability to assess each pointer before presenting the case. They must have crisp research abilities- understand and analyze important case laws, references, corrections to help the contentions. It must be noted that the High Court is the Court of Record and therefore an intricate understanding and thorough revision is essential to present the argument. Parallelly, representing the argument with utmost convincing ability in front of the presiding judge is equally necessary. Any important fact missed out at the stage of original application affects the case at every stage of appeal. Thus, should be carefully drafted. The High Court Lawyer must have a strong grip over the diverse areas of law and in-depth knowledge of the same. The parameter that could work as a remedy to achieve victory might alter and thus, all possibilities are important.

“A modern economy is marked by the feasibility of endogenous change: Modernization brings myriad arrangements from expanded property rights to company law and financial institutions.”

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